About UP West

Meerut

Meerut is a metropolitan city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is an ancient city located 70 km (43 mi) northeast of the national capital New Delhi, and 453 km northwest of the state capital, Lucknow. It is a part of the National Capital Region of India. It is the second Largest city of National Capital Region of India after Delhi, the 16th largest metropolitan area in India and the 17th largest city in India. It ranked 292 in 2006 and 242 in 2010 in the list of largest cities and urban areas in the world and is the second fastest developing city in Uttar Pradesh (after Noida). It has the 2nd largest army cantonment in the country. The revolution of 1857 was first started from Meerut by Mangal Pandey. District of Meerut (which forms part of the revenue division of the same name) is named after its headquarters city and is said to be associated with earliest traditions of the Hindus according to which Maya, the father-in-law of Ravana, founded this place which has, therefore, been call Maidant-ka-Khera. According to another version Maya, a distinguished architect, got from king Yudhishthara the land on which the city of Meerut now stands and he called this place Mayrashtra, a name which in course of time became shortened to Meerut.

Agra - Taj Mahal

The most beautiful building in the world. In 1631 the emperor Shah Jahan built the Taj Mahal in memory of his wife Mumtaz, who died in childbirth. The white marble mausoleum at Agra has become the monument of a man's love for a woman.
Shah Jahan came to power in 1622 when he seized the throne from his father, while murdering his brothers to ensure his claim to rule. He was known as an extravagant and cruel leader. But he redeemed himself by his generosity to his friends and the poor, by his passion in adorning India with some of its most beautiful architecture, and by his devotion to his wife Mumtaz Mahal - "Ornament of the Palace." He had married her when he was 21, when he already had two children by an earlier consort. Mumtaz gave her husband 14 children in eighteen years, and died at the age of 39 during the birth of the final child. Shah Jahan built the Taj Mahal as a monument to her memory and her fertility, but then relapsed into a life of scandalous behavior. This tomb was only one of hundreds of beautiful buildings that Shah Jahan erected, mostly at Agra and in the new Dehli that came into being under his planning.

Mathura - Janmabhumi

The land where Shri Krishna was born and spent his youth, has today little towns and hamlets that are still alive with the Krishna legend and still redolent with the music of his flute. Mathura, a little town on the River Yamuna was transformed into a place of faith after Lord Krishna was born here. Vrindavan, a village - once noted for its fragrant groves, is where he spent an eventful youth. There are numerous other little spots in the area that still reverberate with the enchantment of Shri Krishna. The City of Mathura, in Uttar Pradesh, the nucleus of Brajbhoomi, is located at a distance of 145 km south-east of Delhi and 58 km north-west of Agra. Covering an area of about 3,800 sq. km., today, Brajbhoomi can be divided into two distinct units - the eastern part in the trans-Yamuna tract with places like Gokul, Mahavan, Baldeo, Mat and Bajna and the western side of the Yamuna covering the Mathura region that encompasses Vrindavan, Govardhan, Kusum Sarovar, Barsana and Nandgaon.

Fatehpur Sikri

Sikri an extension of the upper Vindhyan ranges is situated on the bank of a large natural lake, which has now mostly dried up. It is a pre-historic site and, with abundant water, forest and raw material, it was ideal for primitive man's habitation. Rock shelters with paintings exist on the periphery of the lake. Stone age tools have been found in this area. Ochre Coloured Pottery (c. 2nd millennium B.C.) and Painted Grey Ware (c.1200-800 B.C.) have also been discovered from here. The monumental gateway facing south was built by Akbar as the main entrance to the mosque to commemorate his conquest over Deccan in 1601, according to the Persian inscriptions on the archway. Known as Buland Darwaza, it stands to this day eloquently expressing the grandeur of Akbar's empire. Standing on the highest point of the ridge, it is 40.84 m high and was built on a platform that was 13.52 m high. A fine example of Islamic architecture, it is semi octagonal in plan and two smaller triple-storeyed wings on either side.

NOIDA

New Okhla Industrial Development Authority or simply Noida is an integrated township lying within the Gautam Buddha Nagar district of Uttar Pradesh, close to the national capital territory of Delhi in India. It is a unique city in that it provides a harmonious blend of residential settlement and industrial proliferation. Noida was able to achieve this distinction as a result of careful planning and adherence to modern construction concept. The infrastructural facilities were provided well before the commencement of industrialization process with lots of space reserved for tree plantation and development of green belts and numerous gardens and parks. The city of Noida, unlike other mega cities of the country, boasts of a pollution free environment with no traffic jams and clean surroundings. There are no shortages of basic amenities like electricity and safe drinking water anywhere in the city, which gives it an advantage over adjoining cities and townships. It is also home to the Noida Film City.

Hastinapur

Hastinapur was the capital of the Kuru dynasty of kings. All incidents in the epic Mahabharata have taken place in the city of Hastinapur. The first reference to Hastinapur in Puranas comes as the capital of Emperor Bharata. Samrat Samprati, the grandson of the emperor Asoka, built many temples here during his empire. The ancient temple and stupas are not present today. Excavation at Hastinapur was carried out in the early 1950s by B.B. Lal, Director General of the Archaeological Survey of India. Although the main aim of this excavation, mentioned by Lal himself, was to find out the stratigraphic position of Painted Grey Ware with reference to other known ceramic industries of the early historical period, Lal also ended up making correlations between the text of the Mahabharata and the material remains that he uncovered at Hastinapur. This exercise led him to historicize some of the traditions mentioned in the text, as well as link the appearance of the Painted Grey Ware with the arrival of the Aryans in upper Ganges basin areas. Though Pre history of Hastinapur is not clear as full scale excavation could not be undertaken in inhabited area. In the medieval era, Hastinapur was attacked by Mughal ruler Babur when invading Hindustan. During British India, Hastinapur was ruled by the Gujjar Raja Nain Singh Nagar. He built many temples in and around Hastinapur.

Sardhana

Basilica of Our Lady of Graces is a Roman Catholic Church in Sardhana, 19 km north-west of Meerut. The history of this Church is Begum Samru inherited the Jagir of Sardhana after her husband's death in 1778. Subsequently, she decided to construct a Church at Sardhana, dedicated to Virgin Mary. The construction of the Church costed Rs. 4 lakh, a huge amount in those days. Top masons were paid the equivalent of 25 p. per day, and the labourers in shells. Two huge lakes near the church are the result of the mud that was removed to supply the building material for the church. Two dates are often given for the beginning of the church - Mr. K. M. Munshi, the noted historian, gives the date as 1809. Many are inclined to follow this date because a Latin inscription over the main door of the church puts its dedication in 1822. The other date, given by Fr. Keegan in his study of the Begum, is 1820.

Sports Meerut

Meerut has been a hub for Sports goods manufaturing. It houses a number of famous sports goods houses like B. D. Mahajan and Sons, SS, Sachdeva Sports etc. which has resulted in Meerut being known as the Sports City.

Saharanpur -Wood Work

Saharanpur (India) is internationally famous for its Wood Carving Work. Dating back to about 400 years ago in Mughal period, some Craftsmen came from Kashmir and settled down in Saharanpur and took this work as to earn their bread and butter. Gradually this Art got extended amongst common man in Saharanpur. And now wooden Handicraft work is famed all over the world. Almost. 100,000 Artisans, Craftsmen & Labourers are involved in this industry. These Artisans, Craftsmen & Labourers are working very hard, day & night, for their survival.

Moradabad - Brass City

Moradabad was established as an office for the Chaupala pargana during emperor Akbar's regime. In AD 1624 it was captured by Rustam Khan, the then Governor of Sambhal who named it Rustam Nagar. Later, in AD 1625 its named was changed to Moradabad, after the name of prince Murad Baksh, the son of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. A mosque named Jama Masjid was constructed in the city by Rustam Khan for the Mughal Emperor.The city is known as Pital Nagri, ("Brass City") for its famous brass handicrafts industry. It is also divisional headquarters of Northern Railway (NR). Moradabad is a major industrial city and export hub. Its handicrafts industry accounts for more than 40% of total handicraft exports from India.

Firozabad

City of Firozabad is located in Uttar Pradesh, 40 Km from Agra and around 240 Km away from Delhi. The city was known by the name of Chandwar Nagar in earlier times. The city of Firozabad is famous for glass and bangle works. The small scale industry associated with this is famous throughout the world.
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